Cannabinoids are active chemical compounds that are there in the cannabis plant. There are more than eighty of them and they have different effects on the human body. The human body has got its own system known as the Endocannabinoid system or ECS.
The receptors are similar to the locks and the cannabinoids are the keys to lock. ECS impacts on many physiological processes. Two types of receptors are there in the nervous system – CB1 and CB2. The CB1 receptor is present in the brain, liver, nervous system and lungs. CB2 receptors are present in the immune system.
What are Cannabinoids?
The effect a cannabinoid has got relies on the receptor they get bound to. Each cannabinoid binds to CB1 or CB2 receptor. The strains and products have been made to provide big doses of various cannabinoids.
THC is the main psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant. THC is present in the female cannabis flower. THC is there in the form of an acid known as THCa. THC is there in male plants too.
Cannabidiol is the 2nd popular cannabinoid. CBD is anti-psychotic. It makes the effect of THC less. CBD is legal in several nations all over the world. It gives complete relaxation and proves to be of immense benefit to the skin.
Cannabichromene is the 3rd common cannabinoid in the cannabis plant. There are some strains where CBC can dominate CBD with respect to the concentration. Cannabichromene is considered non-psychoactive.
The advent of Cannabinol starts when the dried flower becomes stale. THC and THCa get broken down to CBN as time passes. CBN enhances the impact of THC. Extensive research has to be done for this cannabinoid.
Cannabigerol can be found in young plants. CBG can be extracted from budding plants which are at the flowering phase. It is not easy to find it in huge quantities. CBG is non-psychoactive. You may cultivate it through hemp. Breeders began to make strains with the gene which enhances the CBG level. The health-enhancing potential of CBG is the main focus for cannabinoid studies nowadays.
It is a psychoactive compound similar to THC. It is utilized as a biochemical market for drugs which can be detected in a drug test. It is same to THC in molecular structure.
We are not aware of CBDv. It is same as CBD. It gives you a similar feeling of relaxation as CBD. Extensive research on it will enable us to know its power.
THCa and CBDa
THCa and CBDa are two Cannabinoids present in cannabis. They are in raw cannabis plants and you may consume them as a nutritional supplement. It is utilized for topical application. These compounds are non-psychoactive. THCa gets converted into THC and becomes psychoactive. CBDa gets converted to CBD.